Commemoration of the persecution of 1938: “We do not forget how the synagogue burned”


Munich – A worthy commemoration was only possible to a limited extent this year. Charlotte Knobloch (88), the President of the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde, and Lord Mayor Dieter Reiter (62, SPD) had to use Internet speeches to remind people of the persecution in the pogrom night of 1938.

Knobloch recalled the cruelty of the Nazi regime and how the Jewish community in Germany was ostracized, robbed and finally almost wiped out between 1933 and 1945. We do not forget how the windows rattled 82 years ago here in Munich, how the synagogue was burning and how Jewish people were mistreated, kidnapped and murdered. “

Flowers on the memorial stone of the former main synagogue in Herzog-Max-Straße. Because of the corona pandemic, memorial events could not take place

Photo: Tobias Hase / dpa

On November 9, 1938, thousands of members of the SA attacked after a speech by Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels about synagogues and the shops of Jewish owners. Goebbels had given the signal for the riots in the old town hall of Munich.

Reiter quoted from the speech given by Israeli President Reuven Rivlin in January on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp in the Bundestag. In Rivlin’s words, he recalled that the fight against anti-Semitism “is not a fight that can be won once and for all. This is a struggle that we must carry on from generation to generation to get to the root of the evil wherever it grows, day after day. We mustn’t give in. Germany must not fail here. “

Both spoke under the Jewish Community Center in the “Corridor of Remembrance”, on the walls of which are the names of 4,500 kidnapped and murdered Jewish residents of Munich.

Due to the high risk of corona infections, a solemn memorial event with an audience could not take place. Knobloch wished “that we could overcome the current challenge and celebrate this memorial day again as usual next year. Together in the old town hall and above all: With many guests. “

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