Use digestive enzymes and probiotics properly – VnExpress

Probiotics and digestive enzymes are two different types, both need to be used as prescribed by the doctor, avoiding abuse when full of stomach, indigestion.

MSc Huynh Hoai Phuong, Center for Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgery, Tam Anh General Hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, said that although they both have the function of supporting the functioning of the digestive system, digestive enzymes and probiotics. birth are two different preparations. The confusion and misuse of these two types of yeast can have adverse effects on health.


Digestive enzyme is a type of enzyme (enzyme) secreted by the body from digestive glands such as salivary glands, pancreas, hepatobiliary and cells on the surface of the intestines… to digest and absorb food.

Doctors may prescribe additional digestive enzyme preparations for people who have been diagnosed with digestive enzyme deficiency or need to strengthen the functioning of the digestive system for a certain or long time. Commonly prescribed diseases for digestive enzymes are lactose intolerance, diseases that cause exocrine pancreatic insufficiency such as chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer, cystic fibrosis, after gastric bypass surgery, short bowel syndrome, disease. iron retention…

Doctor Hoai Phuong said that one of the most common mistakes is to arbitrarily add digestive enzymes when you feel that you are not eating well. This habit inhibits and makes the digestive glands less active. Moreover, these enzymes all have certain side effects, although rare, such as nausea, vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain, diarrhea, rash.

Doctor Hoai Phuong advises patients about two types of yeast. Image: Hospital provides

You should take digestive enzymes with warm water 30 minutes after the main meal. At this time, the food has been kneaded by the stomach, softened and absorbed by the digestive juices and added enzymes that will catalyze enzymatic reactions to better digest the food. Patients can supplement digestive enzymes through daily nutrition. Some fruits and vegetables contain this yeast such as raw honey, mangoes, bananas, avocados, etc.


The World Health Organization (WHO) defines probiotics as live microorganisms that, when consumed in sufficient quantities, confer health benefits. This preparation contains beneficial bacteria, helping to improve the balance of intestinal bacteria, supporting the treatment of digestive disorders. There are many types of beneficial bacteria such as Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Saccharomyces boulardii, Lactobacillus casei, non-pathogenic E. coli, Clostridium butyricum, Streptococcus salivarius… Probiotics have a role in many diseases such as infectious diarrhea, diarrhea associated with diarrhea. related to antibiotics, post-treatment support for eradication of Helicobacter pylori, irritable bowel syndrome, diverticulitis, colitis, Crohn’s disease… and is being studied further. In addition, probiotics are also used on diseases outside the gastrointestinal tract such as allergies, infection prevention.

Stomach acid protects the body from pathogens by killing bacteria when they enter the stomach from food and water. However, stomach acid is not able to distinguish between beneficial bacteria and harmful bacteria. Therefore, according to doctor Hoai Phuong, probiotics should be taken after meals because this is the time when the acid concentration in the stomach is at its lowest, minimizing the death of beneficial bacteria.

Probiotics in milk help balance the intestinal flora, supporting the digestive system to work better.  Photo: Shutterstock

Probiotics in milk help balance the intestinal flora, supporting the digestive system to work better. Image: Shutterstock

Probiotics can be found in yogurt and pickled foods like kimchi, pickles, etc. “This probiotic is safe in most cases but should be used with caution in infants and young children. Premature birth or immunocompromised people, patients who have just undergone surgery and should follow the doctor’s prescription …” Doctor Hoai Phuong said.

Depending on the specific case, the patient will be assigned to use one or both of these enzymes. In case it is necessary to supplement at the same time, the patient should pay attention to the time and duration of maintaining probiotics and digestive enzymes as prescribed by the doctor to be effective.

Phi Hong



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