The secret to painting beautiful and durable walls

A house called beautiful in addition to the rough finishing factor also needs more attention on wall painting.

1. Choose the main color

Each architectural space should have a dominant color, selected based on architectural and interior styles; the nature and function of the space, can also be the color related to feng shui that the homeowner is interested in. The main color will be the basis for choosing other colors, used in the rooms.

Evergreen Fog-green-gray-was chosen by Sherwin-Williams, a 100-year-old paint company in the US, as the “Color of 2022”. Evergreen Fog is considered a color that helps the space to be subtle but still impressive. Image: Sherwin-Williams

Depending on the purpose of use of each room, choose the right color. Each color has its own psychological effect.

Relax: Please choose green or blue. These colors are suitable for bedrooms and bathrooms.

Peaceful: Beige, ivory, cream, these neutral colors bring a sense of tranquility and peace, suitable for living areas, sleeping places.

Energy: Warm colors like orange, yellow, and red will lift you up. You can use these colors in the living room, dining room, entertainment room.

Creation: Colors that are close to nature, such as bright green, orange, and dark blue, will create positive changes to your mood, suitable for the common room, or the classroom, or the office.

2. Principle of color scheme

Monochrome Monochrome Rule

Monochrome is the simplest color scheme but creates a high effect. Its rule is to choose a single color and use it with many different shades: The dominant color combines with black to make it darker, combined with white to make it brighter.

Specifically, it’s about you choosing your favorite paint color as the main color, then using the dark and light levels of that color for the rest of the space.

Adjacent rule

All colors (except black and white) are combined in a circular palette, called the color wheel, with the base 3 colors being red, blue, and yellow. The colors keep combining to form an intermediate color in the middle.

Color wheel table.  They have an effective role in the fashion, painting, interior design and decoration industries.  Photo:

Color wheel table. They have an effective role in the fashion, painting, interior design and decoration industries. Image:

For example, red combined with yellow becomes orange, yellow combined with blue makes green… Just like that, the colors combine unlimitedly into a gradient.

In each color, there is a transition from dark to light according to the principle of monochrome (from the outside to the center of the circle, or from the inside to the outside). The rule of adjacency is understood that colors that are next to each other on the wheel circle are called adjacent.

After combining paint colors in this way will create a gradient effect, creating tones. For example, the tone uses green, yellow, and the intermediate color between green and yellow is banana green. The red side is warm, the blue side is cold. Adjacent colors combine to create visual harmony.

Rule of polarity (contrast)

In paint dithering, the opposite (contrast) color rule is determined by taking the positions of opposite colors in the color wheel. For example, red and green, blue and orange… They are opposites but complement each other to create a striking and impressive feeling.

This is the most difficult color scheme of the two above. However, if captured and combined, this is the most unique and visually appealing color scheme. This color scheme can also be used with opposite colors but not the original color (i.e. have a lighter shade in the hue); for example, light yellow goes with light purple. In theory, the combinations of colors from the 3 primary colors and the shades of each color are infinite, so this color scheme is extremely rich.

3. Dithering ratio

When painting a house, you need to know the basic color scheme with the general ratio determined according to the 60-30-10 rule in which:

The main color accounts for 60%: The main color is the main color you want to paint your house, or in each space. When building in an interior space layout, about 60% of the main color is required. In fact, in common designs such as living rooms and bedrooms, the main color is often large pieces on the walls, ceilings, walls…

30% is auxiliary color: Including the interior, there should be about 30% of auxiliary colors in the space, these are colors that can be easily coordinated with the main color, often having the same tone as the main color.

Dotted with 10% more colors: To make the space more lively, you can create accents with colors that contrast, contrast with the main color, or highlight with strong warm colors.

The 60-30-10 color scheme is a rule that is suitable for all works, in all cases. However, in reality, there should also be flexibility in use. Make sure there are no more than 3 colors in the same space, especially in narrow spaces. If you want to add other colors, you still have to make sure that the main color takes up more than 60% of the space.

4. Some other notes

For small spaces, do not choose a dark main color. Should use light colors such as white, cream yellow to diffuse light.

It is important to pay attention to lighting issues (both natural and artificial lighting) to choose the right color.

The color of the paint (walls, interior ceilings) needs to be combined with other elements such as floors, curtains, furniture…

The color shown on the palette is always darker than the actual color when applied. So if you can choose the color on the paint palette, use the color adjacent to the dark side for reality.

There are some special colors that must be used with the company’s special primer to get the right color according to the manufacturer’s palette.

5. Technical principles

When applying paint, there are also technical principles; which if done correctly will make the quality better and bring the desired aesthetic effect, as well as long lasting paint quality.

1. Comply with the manufacturer’s specifications and procedures

It is necessary to comply with the manufacturer’s specifications and order when construction. For example, primer before applying color. The primer has an effect on the color standard and also keeps the paint plate long-lasting. Besides, there is also the ratio of water phase, the time interval between paints…

2. Paint from outside to inside

Paint the exterior first, paint the interior later. This will help your house limit the penetration of rainwater during construction; because painting takes place over a long period of time.

3. Paint from top to bottom

Paint the ceiling first, paint the back wall. Paint from the top of the wall to the bottom. This helps to avoid the problem of paint colors in the upper areas splashing on the walls below, costing you more paint and labor to deal with.

4. Brush first, roll after roller

The advantage of the brush is to help you handle the nooks and crannies of the wall (something the roller can’t do). However, the brush has the disadvantage of leaving scratches on the wall, which detracts from the aesthetics of the work. Brushing first in the corners of the wall and then applying with a roller will help minimize brush scratches

5. Continuous construction on the same wall array

Intermittent construction on the same wall will lead to uneven paint color on the wall. Therefore, with a wall array that needs to be constructed continuously and without changing (adding, adding) the material bucket.

6. Limit patch miles

During the construction process, other items in the construction such as electricity, wood, floors… will often collide and cause scratches on your walls. The patch marks at these locations are often not consistent with the previously constructed wall. Therefore, after applying the first coat of paint, you should wait for other items to be completed before patching and executing the work with a second coat of paint to ensure the paint color uniformity on the wall.

Architect Nguyen Tran Duc Anh


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