Notes when gardening on balconies and terraces


Growing plants in pots has certain limitations, so you need to learn carefully to avoid wasting time, money and effort.

If you don’t own a large plot of land for gardening, you can still satisfy your passion for taking care of plants with space in the balcony or terrace. The concept of “container garden” is associated with growing plants in pots, styrofoam or other containers instead of planting in the ground.

However, to keep potted plants long and healthy, here are some important care tips.

Each type of plant has different light-loving properties. Image: Spruce

Pay attention to the drainage problem

This is a matter of life and death for plants. Without a hole large enough for water to drain out of the pot, the roots can become waterlogged, leading to rot and death. Many pots do not have holes punched or holes are too small, so you need to be careful to choose the right type or adjust if necessary. Reference size for drain hole is more than 1cm in diameter for medium or small pot, about 3cm for large pot.

Many people think that simply paving the balcony with gravel before placing the pot will increase the drainage capacity of the soil. This doesn’t make sense if the pot doesn’t have proper drainage holes.

Light test

Before buying plants, you need to determine how much sun your pots or containers will receive during the day when placed in a certain location. This helps you choose the right plants to avoid under or over light.

Fertilize plants

Most potting soil does not have enough nutrients for plants to grow, so you need to replenish it periodically. Find out more about the type of fertilizer, the right dosage for the type of plant, the frequency in accordance with the weather conditions.

Make a list before you buy a tree

To avoid buying too much or not knowing what to buy, you need to decide in advance how much and what kind of plants you want to buy. This list doesn’t have to be completely accurate, as long as you do your research first to avoid being passive. In addition to the plants, you also need to determine the number and size of the corresponding pots. If you have a pot available, you can bring it to your garden by planting a potted plant.

Choose a tree that is “compatible with each other”

When choosing plants to grow together in a container, make sure they need the same amount of light and moisture. If you combine plants with different needs, some plants will not be able to thrive. Therefore, ask the salesperson or research on the Internet about the properties of the plants.

Read the instructions for caring for the plant carefully

Often gardeners or tree shops will provide you with a guide to your particular plant, including information on the amount of light needed, the amount of water, and the right level of care. They will also indicate whether the plant you choose is an annual or a perennial, the maximum height or how the plant grows. Do not ignore this information.

Let the plants adapt

Many plants do not like sudden changes, especially seedlings are very susceptible to heat shock when changing habitat. Therefore, you need to learn how to harden the tree, which is to slowly adapt it to new conditions.

The more soil in the pot, the better

Many people like to stuff everything from styrofoam beads to plastic bottles into the container. While this will make your container garden significantly lighter, it will also limit the plant’s ability to hold water.

When the tree dies

The more plants you plant, the more trees you will kill. This is natural and not necessarily as scary as you think.

It is important that you follow up to promptly restore the condition of the tree, cut off the damaged parts, isolate the plant with pests or accept to remove the tree when necessary.

Assessment of needs and ability to take care of plants

Taking care of a container garden is a task that requires a lot of time and ongoing attention, although it doesn’t have to be expensive. To have a green balcony or terrace, you need to assess your need or ability to take care of your plants from the very beginning. If you’re lazy to water, plant cacti and other drought-tolerant plants.

If you can’t afford to spend too much money on a container garden, use plastic boxes or other available items to grow plants. If you want a neat garden, choose wooden pots or grinding stones to plant plants. Do your research and experiment slowly to find out how to build a container garden that best suits your lifestyle.

Bao Chi (According to Spruce)

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