After washing more than a dozen cups, cleaning and rearranging tables and chairs, Ngoc Anh, 16, finished her shift at a coffee shop at 22:30.
Outside, Bich Mai, 37 years old, Anh’s mother, was already waiting. “I advised my son to go to work in the morning shift, but that shift was full of people and forced him to work at night. It was not safe for him to go alone at night, so my wife and I took turns picking it up,” said a woman in Cau Giay district (Ha Noi). Grandma) explains why she comes to her place to work part-time every night.
Anh is a 10th grader, started working as a waitress in the evening shift (from 4pm to 10pm) at a cafe on Hoang Cau Street, Dong Da District, for more than a month now, with an hourly salary of 18,000 VND.
The 16-year-old girl found this job herself through recruitment groups on social networks, when she saw that many of her classmates were also working. After the 10-minute interview, the female student received, all salary and bonus agreements only through direct exchange.
According to a survey of reporters VnExpressCurrently, there are hundreds of groups posting for staff to serve restaurants, coffee shops, sales, goods inspection, telesale, parking until loading and unloading… The largest group has nearly 270,000 members, each week has nearly 270,000 members. nearly 2,000 new members and more than 30 job postings every day. Most looking for people between the ages of 16 and 19, do not require a degree, attract a lot of attention.
On the first day of work, Anh wanted to quit her job when she constantly had to carry drinks, clean the dishes and sometimes be scolded by customers for slow service. After the first week, the female student gradually adapted and found herself learning communication skills, dealing with customers and making more friends.
“That’s why I encourage my children to work part-time instead of sheltering at home. Knowing that they will work hard, earn little money, may take risks, but the lessons learned from reality are priceless.” Mai said.
Afraid that her daughter Phuong Chi, 16 years old, will be bullied if she goes to work outside, Cong Thi Hanh, 48 years old, from Tay Ho district, please let her child work as a part-time maid from summer 2021. she was accepted by her daughter. “I don’t force my children to work to earn money to support my family, but I want them to work to equip themselves with life skills, take care of themselves, and value money,” said Hanh.
Every week, Phuong Chi goes to work two days, the job includes washing dishes, cleaning furniture, collecting and folding clothes, which takes about 2-3 hours. After the session, Chi received 60,000 VND in salary and was given another 60,000 VND by his parents for encouragement. “In addition to earning 960,000 VND per month, I myself can replace my mother with chores and housework in the house. I am also more confident in communication and appreciate labor,” the 16-year-old female student shared.
Hanh also noticed a clear change in her daughter’s way of thinking and acting.
“But not all parents dare to release their children into society when they are under 18 years old, even though they know the skills and experience of working part-time to help their children grow up, understand the value of money, and learn to spend sensibly. and solve the situation,” said education expert, Dr. Vu Thu Huong.
In Vietnam, more than 10 years ago, there were parents who sent their children to work part-time, but only a minority. Most parents put a lot of emphasis on the idea that their children are still young, in poor health, and they themselves cannot stand the stereotype that “only money-hungry parents push their children to work early”.
“But abroad, the practice of sending young children to work part-time during summer vacation has appeared for a long time and thrived,” Huong said.
According to an analysis of Pew Research Center data from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, more than 6 million teenagers (ages 13 to 19), or 36.6% of the population, have a part-time job in the summer of 2021. In which, the average rate of youth aged 18-19 who go to summer work is 47.1%, and the rate of 16 and 17 year olds is 26.9%. Accommodation and food services, arts and entertainment are the industries leading the increase in youth recruitment. In May of this year alone, about 5.5 million youth were employed, an increase of more than 145,000 people compared to the same period last year.
In Vietnam, there are no statistics on the number of students working part-time during summer vacation, but parents are starting to have a more open mind about allowing their children to work part-time in their spare time.
Survey of 100 families with children between the ages of 13 and under 18 of VnExpress On July 16, 84% of families agreed to send their children to work part-time, 16% objected. Among the families who agree, 63.9% want their children to do jobs that use their brains such as teaching assistants, tutors, etc. 36.1% want their children to try manual labor. Most parents hope that their children will gain skills and life experiences through part-time jobs, followed by learning to respect money, and a small percentage (6.2%) expect their children to increase their income.
Putting aside all rumors that the family exploits labor, causing their daughter to lose her childhood when she has to go to work early, 10 years ago, the family of Mr. Hoang Phong, 45 years old, Hai Ba Trung district gave Minh Hang as his leg. Running errands at the English center when she was in 7th grade. At first, Hang helped her teachers clean up papers and clean the classroom before starting the lesson. Gradually, the female student gained experience in teaching, and over two summers, she became a teaching assistant for elementary students. After that, the female student continued to participate in non-governmental organizations, supporting sex education propaganda classes until the end of 22 years old.
“From the day of working part-time, Hang learned how to deal with money, hate waste. I know how to focus my time on useful things, think more mature, don’t fall into evils. He also knows how to control his personal emotions and make plans for himself,” Phong said.
With good academic records and 10 years of experience working part-time at educational centers, Minh Hang applied for a full scholarship in Canada. “It is the jobs that earn me only a few hundred a month now that have become a stepping stone for me to conquer the world. I have never regretted the decision to apply for a part-time job early during the summer vacation,” Hang confided.
But Dr. Nguyen Tung Lam, chairman of the Hanoi Educational Psychology Association, also warned that sending children to work part-time early may have negative effects, forcing parents to pay attention to avoid letting their children spend uncontrollably. being lured and lured by friends and neglected to study. Not to mention, paying too high a salary when going to work will make children misunderstand the value of labor.
Huy Hoang, 14 years old, her son Kim Lien, 52 years old, from Hai Phong is an example. Last summer, she asked her son to pack goods at an acquaintance’s factory, paying 100,000 VND per day. Every month, the boy receives about 2.5 million VND for the job he describes as “not much effort”. This money, Ms. Lien let her children decide. Having money, Hoang buys things according to his hobby and invites his friends to eat. At that time, the boy became the idol of his classmates, always being praised every time he appeared, making himself even more eager to make money.
According to the contract with his mother, Hoang only worked two extra months in the summer, but he sneaked to work during the school year, causing his grades to drop and being discovered. “Perhaps I was wrong in the first place when I chose a part-time job that was too easy and let my children spend money as they liked,” sighed Ms. Lien and said that this summer, Hoang is serving calves at a barbecue restaurant. with a salary of 16,000 VND per hour, I hope you appreciate money more.
As for Ngoc Anh, at the beginning of August, the female student will stay at a cafe to focus on the new school year. “When I have free time, I will ask my parents for a part-time job. But this job can help me get closer to my dream of becoming a math teacher in the future,” said the 16-year-old female student.
Quynh Nguyen – Minh Duc