Himalaya – The caravan moves on – all the way to the top! The photo shows how countless mountaineers begin their journey to Mount Everest (8,848 meters, Himalaya). The main season will end in just a few days.
And Nepal has three world records:
► the fastest woman (a teacher from Hong Kong) took 25 hours and 50 minutes,
► the first family with eight siblings and
► A Sherpa mountain guide has stood on the highest point in the world for the 25th time.
This season, 408 foreign summiteers received a permit (cost: 9,000 euros). It can get as cold as minus 50 degrees on Mount Everest, and wind speeds can reach 80 meters per second. However, the lower availability of oxygen at high altitude is particularly dangerous for mountaineers.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, however, it has become easier to climb Mount Everest without oxygen bottles. Rising temperatures have increased the air pressure at the summit and thus the availability of oxygen to the body.
This development brings with it another problem: While Mount Everest was once a piece of untouched nature, mountaineering tourism has increased considerably in recent years since the first known ascent in 1953. This has helped the economy of Nepal – one of the least developed countries in the world according to the United Nations – but with the many adventurers from abroad, the mountain has also become the highest landfill in the world.
There are countless broken tents, remains of climbing rope, food packaging, empty water bottles, beer cans, oxygen bottles and human waste, and even in the death zone of Mount Everest, at around 8,440 meters above sea level, there is microplastic.